Personalities – history Czech side
Jan Hasištejnský from Lobkovice (1450 - 1517)
An important aristocrat and diplomat who was in service for king Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary, was knighted for his good service. In 1477, he was a member of the delegation to Luxembourg and 11 years later he also took part in a mission for Pope Sixtus IV. In 1493, he set off on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. After he returned, he wrote a book of travels called "Pilgrimage to the Holy Grave" that placed him among scholars of writing in the Czech language. He also focused on the silver trade in the regions of Kadaň and Kutná Hora.
Bohuslav Hasištejnský from Lobkovice (1460 – 1510)
An official and courtier of king Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (he was a secretary of the Royal Office in Prague Castle). He was also an important Czech humanistic poet and prosaist (he wrote more than 500 poems, 200 epistles and 3 tracts), a traveller (he visited Palestine, Syria, Egypt and Tunisia) as well as supported the sciences and arts. Together with his brother, he also participated in silver and iron ore mining where their family ruled in the Krušné hory Mountains.
The Brokoff sculptural family
The father and sons of Brokoff were among the most prominent representatives of Czech Baroque sculpture. Jan Brokoff created many works in the Podkrušnohoří region, where his sons were born.
Jan Brokoff (1652 - 1718) A sculptor and woodcutter of German origin, although born in Slovakia, his main place of work was in Bohemia. Between the years of 1685 – 87 he worked under the rule of Count Thun in Kláštěrec nad Ohří. There he created allegoric works with motifs of year seasons, continents and Greek myths. In 1687 – 88, he worked for Count Jan Adam Hrzán at the Červený hrádek Castle near Jirkov. He decorated the castle by two fountains, a watershot and several statues. During his stay in Northern Bohemia his sons Michal Jan Josef Brokoff (*1686 Klášterec n. O.) and Ferdinand Maxmilián Brokoff (*1688 Červený hrádek) who is famous for the creation of eight statues on the Charles Bridge in Prague, were born.
Giacomo Girolamo Casanova (1725 – 1798)
An Italian writer, traveller and adventurer. His autobiography describes openly his erotic adventures and because of this book his name is still a synonym for a seducer. He spent the last years of his life at the Duchcov Castle as a librarian. He died there and is also buried there. He was among the most important historic celebrities in Duchcov and the town organises so-called Casanova festivities every year.
Florian Leopold Gassmann (1729 – 1774)
A composer, bandmaster and organist from Most. One of the most significant people of the Most region who is famous around the world. He was one of Antonio Salieri teachers. He composed successful operas and he was made the court bandmaster for the Empress Marie Therese and Emperor Joseph II at the imperial court in Vienna. Since 1997, his bust (memorial?) is situated in front of the town theatre in Most and also one of the streets and a local art school has his name.
Ludwig Moser (1833-1916)
An engraver, glassmaker, entrepreneur. He served his time of apprenticeship under the reputable engraver Andreas Mattoni, one of the founders of traditional glass engraving in Karlovy Vary. In 1857, he founded his own engraving workshop and a glass shop. By 1873, he already owned a network of commercial representatives in London, Paris, New York and St Petersburg. After his success in the World Exhibition in Vienna in 1875 he was awarded the title of imperial and royal supplier. In the following years, the firm´s production got many significant awards at exhibitions across Europe and overseas. The company Moser spread the fame of glassmaking in the Podkrušnohoří region as well as around the world.
František Josef Gerstner (1756 - 1832)
A mathematician, physicist, astronomer and technician, he became the most important native of Chomutov. He studied at the local Jesuit grammar school and after he studied mathematics and astronomy at a university in Prague. He was at the head of a project for the technical university in Prague (predecessor of present ČVUT), which was founded in 1806, becoming its first director. He constructed the first steam engine in Bohemia. He also elaborated the project for the first railway on the European continent, which was the horse railway from Linz to České Budějovice and built in 1828. In 1810, he was knighted for his advancement of the scientific development of the empire.
Ignaz Petschek (1857 -1934)
A merchant, industrialist and mercenary. At the time when he was most famous, he controlled half of the brown coal industry in Europe. In 1880, he founded a brown coal company and several years later he held capital shares in many mining companies in Bohemia and Germany. During the coal crisis in 1900, he came up with the idea to press low-quality coal into coal-cakes. He was one of the most significant mercenaries of the town of Ústí nad Labem – he built a children´s pavilion in the hospital, a pavilion in the workers´ sanatorium, an educational home for boys, sanatorium for patients with tuberculosis and a nursery.
Johann Schicht (1855 - 1907)
One of the most significant entrepreneurs of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. He founded a small soap-works in Ústí nad Labem that step by step expanded into several factories. The Schicht´s business enterprise was unusual at that time because of the social benefits given to his employees (company doctor, health insurance, company canteen, company nursery, spa with a swimming pool). Being a German Schicht, he also took notice and provided the same conditions for both German and Czech workers. Because of his industrial development for the empire, he was appointed to the post of imperial councillor.
Bohumil Němeček (1938 - 2010)
An Olympic winner and European champion. He started with boxing when he was seventeen. His effort and pertinacity saw him quickly grow to be one of the best and it led him to the best club at the time called Rudá hvězda (Red Star) Ústí nad Labem and among national representatives. At the Olympic Games in Rome in 1960 - his first great international event – he won a gold medal. At the European Championship in Moscow in 1963 he won a bronze medal and in Rome in 1967 he won the title of European champion. After 1968, he finished his active career but continued in the club RH Ústí nad Labem as the head coach.
Personalities - today Czech side
Josef Masopust (*1931)
A native from Střimice, a destroyed village near Most. He was a former Czechoslovak football player and coach winning the awards of the Golden Ball and the European Best Footballer in 1962. In 2000, he was voted as the Best Czech Footballer of the 20th Century. He started his career shortly after the war as a player in the junior team of Most. For the national team, he played 63 matches and scored 10 goals. He contributed to Czechoslovakia securing 3rd place at the European Championship in 1960 in France and helped take silver at the World Cup in 1962 in Chile.
Rudolf Čechura (*1931)
A Czech writer and screenwriter who was born in Želénky near Duchcov, although his life is mostly connected with Chomutov. He studied at the local business academy and after his studies he worked in the local ironworks as a clerk and taught in the villages in the region of Chomutov. Later, he was a redactor for Czechoslovak Radio and the magazine called Science and Technology for Youth. He currently writes radio screenplays and is famous as a writer for children´s television bedtime stories (Maxidog Fík, Hugo from mountains, Two in tail-coat).
Josef Dvořák (*1942)
An actor and comedian. He grew up in Kadaň, where he was one of the founding members of an originally amateurish theatre company called Kladivadlo. After its transfer to Ústí nad Labem and its professionalization, he worked there between the years of 1965–1970. He then went to the Semafor theatre and later became known as a television and film actor, mainly in TV series and films for children. His voice has been used in several legendary bedtime story series. Nowadays, he has his own theatre company – Divadelní společnost Josefa Dvořáka.
Václav Neckář (*1943)
A singer and actor. He was born in Prague but grew up in Ústí nad Labem. In his beginnings as a drama actor, he acted in the Theatre of Workers in Most. Between the years of 1968 - 1970, he was linked to Marta Kubišová and Helena Vondráčková, the former being a member of a very successful pop band Golden Kids. Since the 1970s, he has recorded as well as had concerts with the group Bacily. As an actor, he became famous from the film by Jiří Menzel called Closely Watched Trains which was in 1968 awarded an Oscar for the best foreign language film. His film Titlarks on the Thread was awarded the Golden Bear at the film festival in Berlin. Also, the musical fairy-tale called The Madly Sad Princess belongs among Czech film classics.
Vlastimil Harapes (*1946)
An actor, dancer, director, dancing-master, choreograph, a dancing pedagogue, a long-standing member and soloist of the ballet of the National Theatre in Prague. He was born in Chomutov, where he did his first ballet steps in the Art school. Since 1971, he was a soloist of the corps of ballet in the National Theatre where he later worked as a choreographer and a director of the ballet corps. He also danced on many world ballet stages and was a successful film actor (Marketa Lazarová, The Virgin and the Beast, A Day for My Love, How to extract a tooth from a whale).
This is currently the most successful rock band which was founded in 1983 in Teplice. They have sold more than 1,000,000 records. Since 2003, the band has won the Golden Nightingale regularly and their concerts usually have more than 10,000 visitors.
Ice-hockey team Nagano 1998
Northern Bohemia also contributed to the historic success of the Czech ice-hockey team. Eight ice-hockey players in the team who are national heroes have come from the Litvínov ice-hockey school – Josef Beránek, Jan Čaloun, Robert Lang, Robert Reichel, Martin Ručinský, Vladimír Růžička, Petr Svoboda and Jiří Šlégr. The team was brought to one of its greatest triumphs by one of the Litvínov ice-hockey legends and stars of the Czechoslovak national team in the 1970s - Ivan Hlinka. Unfortunately, he died in 2004 after a car accident. The local ice-hockey stadium is named after him.
Lukáš Bauer (*1977)
A cross-country skier who has several times been the Czech Republic champion and a winner of an Olympic medal. A native from Ostrov nad Ohří, he competes and lives in Boží Dar. He is also the winner of the Tour de Ski (seasons 2007/2008 and 2009/10) and the World Cup (2007/08). He won a silver medal in the 15 km race at the Olympic Games in Torino in 2006 and at the World Championship in Liberec.
Iva Frühlingová (*1982)
A former model and singer from Litvínov who is famous for her French productions. When she was only 14 years old, she went to Paris as a model. However, she started there with music and won several Czech awards for her musical production. She even recorded a duet with Pierre Richard, who festively launched her book called "Stories of Models" together with Karel Gott.
Simona Baumrtová (*1991)
A swimmer and native of Chomutov. She started with swimming in the local swimming pool. Her main discipline is the backstroke and in the European Championships she has won three bronze medals in the short swimming pool. She is also a multiple Czech Republic champion and record holder. These days she is considered the best Czech female swimmer. Her lastest triumph was taking 3rd place at the World Championship in 2012 in the short swimming pool.
Personalities – history German side
Adam Ries (1492 – 1559)
A mathematician who is considered the father of modern calculation. He utilized Arabic numerals instead of Roman numerals. He also brought arithmetic closer to common men. In 1522, he founded a school of arithmetic in Annaberg. He also published mathematic textbooks written in German, not in Latin, as was common in those days. One of his most important actions was the introduction of calculations using a counter. Due to his calculations, he was in close contact with the Krušné hory Mountains mining industry - as a financial clerk he checked tithes that the mines had to pay to the landlords.
Georgius Agricola (1494 – 1555)
An important versatile scholar aptly named the "father" of mineralogy and a native of Glauchau near Chemnitz. He studied philology, theology, philosophy and medicine. However, he later focused on alchemy, pedagogy, politics, mining and mineralogy. During his stay in the Krušné hory Mountains, he became interested in the local mining of silver and other ores. His fundamental work is represented by a set of twelve books on mining called De re metallica libri XII, which was the first systemic survey of mining technologies and for the next 200 years minimum they were the most used manuals of ore mining and their metallurgic process-ing.
Barbara Uthmann (1514-1575)
„The mother of Krušné hory Mountains lace work“. She was the wife of Silesian mining lord Christoph Uthmann. After his death, she organised the ironworks operation of the Saigerhütte Grünthal. Because of the competitors´ machinations, she became financially ruined and had to find another source of living. There is no historical evidence that she introduced the bobbin lace work to the Krušné hory Mountains, but she significantly contributed to its expansion. In the time when mining in the area did not prosper, she employed about 900 people.
Paul Fleming (1609-1640)
A doctor and one of the most talented lyric poets of the Baroque period. His father was a pastor in the town of Hartenstein. As a child he studied at the direction of his father and later he went to school in Mittweida. In his works he sang about love and amorous conflagration or as a real patriot during the times of the Thirty Years´ War, he sadly described the dwindling character and deprival of the German state. His other works were influenced by his impressions from his travels to the East (Russia, Iran). In 2002, his house was festively opened in his hometown.
Gottfried Silbermann (1683 - 1753)
Born in Frauenstein, he became one of the most important German organ constructors. His work is closely connected to the Baroque music development. His organs decorate many churches in Central Germany and in the Krušné hory Mountains area; 32 instruments are being preserved up to the present day, and of these there are 14 pieces in the Krušné hory Mountains. The big Silbermann´s organ in the Dome in Freiberg is among the most important musical instruments in the world. Every two years, the Silbermann´s days with an international competition in organ music is organised.
Karl Heinrich Stülpner (1762 - 1841)
A businessman, outlaw, poacher, smuggler and protector of the poor, who is still commemorated in legends. According to the legends, he punished arrogant forest clerks and was with the downtrodden. He was a leader of poachers and wandered through big Saxon and Czech shooting grounds in the Krušné hory Mountains. He poached in the feudal forests and gave his quarries to the poor villagers. He became a folk hero, sometimes they called him the "Robin HOOD" of the Krušné hory Mountains.
Robert Schumann (1810 – 1856)
An important German composer and music critic who was born in Zwickau as the youngest child of a book-seller and editor. The talented musician wanted to be a piano master. However, a finger injury stopped his carrier at the time when he started to write his first compositions. In 1834, he established the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, which is the oldest existing music magazine in the world. Schumann composed at least 183 songs, 4 symphonies, many instrumental concerts, a series of lyric cycles, cantatas, oratories, choirs and many excellent camber pieces.
Karl Friedrich May (1842 - 1912)
A writer who was famous for his stories about the Indian chief Vinnetou and his friend Old Shatterhand. He was born as the fifth child in a poor weaving family in Ernstthal in the Krušné hory Mountains. He started to become famous as a writer at the end of the 1870s and at the end of the century he was quite famous and well thought-of. His popularity skyrocketed in the 1960s when all of his heroes became film stars. At the beginning of his carrier, he wrote short stories from the Podkrušnohoří area because he often visited this place. Between 1897-98, he stayed in Brná near Ústí nad Labem, where there is a memorial for him.
August Horch (1868 - 1951)
A car constructor. In the beginning, he worked in the Carl Benz car factory in Mannheim. In 1899, he left and created his own company called Horch & Cie. Motorwagen Werke in Cologne. In 1902, he moved his factory to Saxony. A year later, Horch introduced the first German car with a four-cylinder engine. In 1909, he founded another car factory called Audi in Zwickau. A car museum commemorates the Audi period in Zwickau these days.
Anton Günther (1876 – 1937)
A folk poet and singer from Boží Dar. He was inspired by the beauty of the nature and hard life from the severe conditions of the Krušné hory Mountains. He was the author of more than a hundred songs and poems that were popular not only among the German inhabitants of the Podkrušnohoří region. He played them in local pubs, for members of various associations, in schools as well as in front of monarchs. He performed in big cities such as Vienna, Berlin and Dresden. In 1911, he created a foundation to support the poor, old and ill people in his hometown.
Max Nacke (1883 - 1958)
A poet and singer from Altenberg, he was famous for exploiting the local dialect. In 1925, he and his younger brothers Willy and Anton Krämer, formed an ensemble which later became known as the Krušnohorské trio of Max Nacke and they became famous through their performances on the radio, television and from concerts. After Altenberg was destroyed in 1945, Mack Nacke donated a sizeable amount of money for reconstruction of his hometown. He composed about 40 songs of which the most famous is "s Bimmelbahnel".
Personalities - present German side
Jens Weissflog (*1964)
A former German sportsman who was a champion in ski jumping. He was born in the village of Erlabrunn. In 1977, he started a sport school in Oberwiesenthal and this sport centre is still his home. He won three Olympic gold medals, two world championships and many other awards. Therefore, he is considered to be one of the most successful ski jumpers of all time. At present, he owns a hotel named after himself in Oberwiesenthal.
Sylke Otto (*1969)
A sledger. Since 1983, she attended the sport school in Oberwiesenthal. There her successful sport career started which has seen her win 37 World Cup races. She won this prestigious series four times, the European Championship five times and the Olympic games twice (2000 Salt Lake City, 2006 Turin). After her second Olympic victory that made her the best German female sledger of all time, she was made an honorary citizen of Oberwiesenthal.
René Sommerfeldt (*1974)
A cross-country skier. He represents WSC Erzgebirge Oberwiesenthal. In 2004, he won the famous cross-country marathon in Holmenkollen. As the first German cross-country skier, he won the World Cup in the 2003/2004 season. Since 2010, when he finished his sport career, he has been working as a youth coach in the German Federation of Skiers and at his base in Oberwiesenthal.
Viola Bauer (*1976)
A cross-country skier who was born in Annaberg-Buchholz. She started in WSC Erzgebirge Oberwiesenthal. Her sports achievements started in 1999, when she was a member of the bronze relay team at the World Championship. She specialised in relays and has achieved her biggest successes in this discipline - she has won a silver and bronze medal at the World Championships and the same medals at the Olympic Games. Her next Olympic triumph was taking a bronze medal in a pursuit event. She finished her career in 2009. Nowadays she lives in Greece, the home country of her husband who is a Greek cross-country skier named Lefteris Fafalis.
Torsten Wustlich (*1977)
A sledger. A specialist in the double-race. He was born in Annaberg-Buchholz and he was a member of WSC Erzgebirge Oberwiesenthal. Among his most prestigious wins are from taking a silver medal in the Winter Olympics in Turin (2006) and three World Championship titles. He won the World Cup series and was also three times the German champion. He started his career when he was 10 years old and finished it in 2010.
Claudia Nystad (*1978)
A cross-country skier. She was born in Zschopau and she tried on skis for the first time when she was only in kindergarten. She studied at the sport school in Oberwiesenthal and was a member of the local sports club for many years. She was also a member of a successful German relay. In her medal collection, there are four silver medals and one gold medal from the World Championships as well as three silver medals and two gold medals from the Olympic Games in 2006 and 2010. This collection puts her in a class as one of the best German female cross-country skiers. In 2005, she married a former Norwegian cross-country skier named Trond Nystad. Together with her sport activities she started with artwork and to be specific she started drawing with charcoal (since 1996). Her first exhibition was in 2004. She finished her sport career in 2010 and now lives in Oberwiesenthal.
Tatjana Hüfner (*1983)
A sledger and a winner of the Olympic bronze medal (Turin 2006) and gold medal (Vancouver 2010) as well as a bronze and six gold medals from the World Championships, in which four are from individual disciplines. She became the first female who has won the World Cup series five times in a row (2007 – 2011). Since her beginnings as a junior, from the end of the 1990s until 2011, she was a member of the Krušné hory Mountains sport club WSC Erzgebirge Oberwiesenthal.